Minor in Public Health
Minor Requirements for Public Health
|PUH 301||Origins of Epidemics: How Public Health Defines Population and Nations||3|
|PUH 302||Epid: Beyond the Outbreak||3|
|PUH 303||Intro Global Health||3|
|Select one of the following courses:||3|
|Our Global Environment: Issues and Challenges|
|Nature vs. Nurture: Genes, Environment and Health|
|Narrative in Public Health|
|Select two courses from any college or school within the University.||6|
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ENH-Environmental Health Sci Courses
ENH 300. Toxicology: Poisons, People and the Environment. 3 Hours.
Basic principles in toxicology will be covered including: dose-response relationships; absorption, distribution, storage, biotransformation and elimination of toxicants; target organ toxicity; mutagenesis and carcinogenesis; and an overview of fate and transport of contaminants in the environment. The course will focus on contaminants of environmental and public health interest and will include the fascinating roles toxins have played in human history.
Prerequisites: PUH 210 [Min Grade: C]
ENH 400. Our Global Environment: Issues and Challenges. 3 Hours.
This course will consider how biological, chemical and physical agents in the environment impact human health. Sources, routes of exposure, human health impacts and risk reduction will be discussed for each topic. Topics include indoor air pollution, medical radiation, noise, food and water contaminants, pests and pesticides, hazardous and solid waste treatment, natural disasters, biological and chemical terrorism, regulatory agencies and legislation, risk awareness and reduction.
ENH 401. Environmental Chemistry. 3 Hours.
This didactic lecture course consists of 5 parts: (1) Atmospheric Chemistry and Air Pollution, (2) Energy and Climate Change, (3) Water Chemistry and Water Pollution, (4) Toxic Organic Compounds, and (5) Environment and the Solid State. Weaved into this course are the concepts of social responsibility towards the environment, sustainability, and green chemistry.
Prerequisites: CH 115 [Min Grade: C]
ENH 405. Nature vs. Nurture: Genes, Environment and Health. 3 Hours.
This didactic lecture course will examine how components of the world around us impact our lives and health. The classic battle of nature (genes) vs. nurture (environment) is being replaced with the understanding of how our exposure to our environment impacts gene expression, which can increase (or decrease) our own likelihood of disease. Using everyday, real-world examples we will study the environment-gene interaction and how this helps determine why some people are more disease prone than others. Each example will focus on the underlying science and the medical consequence of exposure, and will also examine exposure prevention strategies for individuals and practical legislation to reduce environmental contamination. Examples will vary from year to year, but damaging examples may include nanoparticles, smog, medical radiation, drugs and alcohol, pesticides, noise, indoor air pollution, toxic metals, plastics, food and water contamination, and sexually transmitted infections. We will also discuss how the environment can positively impact gene expression, and will include discussions of functional foods (i.e. nutraceuticals such as soy, green tea and garlic) and other alternative medicinal therapies. Prerequisite: BY116 or equivalent is required; completion of or registration in BY210 or BY330 is recommended.
Prerequisites: BY 116 [Min Grade: C] or BY 123 [Min Grade: C]
ENH 412. Environmental Risks in a Global Society. 3 Hours.
The course will cover the basic components of risk assessments including 1) the different types of datasets used to identify hazards; 2) the different ways in which exposure to a hazard may be assessed; 3) how a relationship between the hazard and a health response is measured and how to identify and deal with uncertainty in risk estimates. Risk perception and communication will also be discussed. This course is designed to instill critical thinking regarding the often conflicting economic, social, and environmental tradeoffs inherent in environmental policy and management. College level biology, chemistry, and statistics recommended.
Prerequisites: PUH 300 [Min Grade: C]
ENH 491. Special Topics in Environmental Health Sciences. 1-6 Hour.
This course will consider various topics related to environmental health sciences, and the topic will differ each term. Course requirements may include lecture, laboratory, fieldwork, readings, discussions, service learning, and internships. Course may be conducted primarily on- or off-campus. May be taken more than once for credit with different topics.
ENH 498. Undergraduate Research in Environmental Health Sciences. 1-6 Hour.
An opportunity for senior level undergraduate students to conduct research in some area related to environmental health sciences research. Students will perform research under the supervision of a faculty member, and must present their work at the end of their last semester of registration (students may register for 1 or 2 semesters, 2 being preferred) in the form of a thesis which also must be defended.
GHS-Global Health Studies Courses
GHS 220. Global Health Service Learning. 3 Hours.
This course provides students with an opportunity to apply principles of interprofessional collaboration, community partnerships, and global health in the development and implementation of a project to address a global health problem in collaboration with a community partner. The global health problem may be addressed in collaboration with a partner at a local site, at a site within the
U.S., or at an international site. Students apply concepts and theories related to global health, interprofessional collaboration, team building, community partnerships, and the ecological framework developing and implementing a plan to address a specific global health problem with a community partner. The course focuses on planning and implementing a service learning project that will benefit a community partner.
GHS 301. Non-Communicable Disease. 3 Hours.
This course provides an introduction to selected key topics in chronic diseases burden endured globally. We will address the following questions: How is it that people in some countries live twice as long as in others? Why is there a rising epidemic of NCDs such as cancer, heart and lung disease, obesity, and diabetes spreading globally? What are the burdens posed by these diseases? What steps are being taken to control it? What key tools are at our disposal? Who are the global actors and stakeholders addressing this global health epidemic? What is the link between globalization and the rise of NCDs?.
GHS 302. International Development. 3 Hours.
The course addresses the following questions: What is development? How might we conceive it? What does history teach us and how does knowledge of this history influence our conception and practice of development? How might we implement and achieve it? What elements of social, political, and economic life must we consider if we were to prioritize the allocation of limited resources?.
GHS 303. Food Security and Nutrition. 3 Hours.
The service-learning course will examine food security and nutrition as complex issues of sustainable human development. While learning about food security and nutrition in the classroom, students will gain further understanding of the topic through engaging with non-profit organizations in Birmingham that address food security and nutritional issues. Topics to be covered include issues of availability, access, and use of food in the domestic and global context, as well as current responses and potential solutions. The course will also focus on helping students develop a skill set for global citizenship that includes opportunities for advocacy, leadership, and critical thinking.
GHS 401. Global Communicable Disease Challenges. 3 Hours.
This course is designed to introduce students to the major infectious diseases of public health importance globally. Since we cannot cover all infections in depth in the time allowed, we will highlight major categories of infections as well as focus on a few major infections that together cause the greatest morbidity and mortality in children or adults worldwide. The purpose of this course is to equip participants with up-to-date knowledge of resources on major infections of global importance, and their prevention and control strategies.
Prerequisites: (BY 101 [Min Grade: C] and BY 102 [Min Grade: C]) or BY 123 [Min Grade: C]
GHS 402. Global Health Cases. 3 Hours.
Global Health cases refer to instances of health problems that transcend national borders. Diseases are not constrained by borders. Similarly, problems and solutions to these cases are not unique to a particular race, region, socio-political system or even level of economic development. These cases also carry the dubious reputation of having a global political and economic impact. Yet a closer look at site specific successes can yield important lessons about how to tackle the challenges confronting similar cases in other sites.
GHS 404. Controversies in Global Health. 3 Hours.
This course adopts the strategy of examining selected controversies in global health. Poverty, international aid, education, governance, corporations, culture, gender, ethics, and a host of other macro level issues may impact on the creation and perpetuation of global health problems and on solutions to address these problems. For each controversy that is examined, these issues are considered from a global and or local perspective taking into account the idiosyncrasies of extenuating country specific context. Through the learning activities of this course, students should gain a better appreciation of why the challenges of global health often seem to defy our best efforts to solve them.
GHS 405. Comparative Health Systems. 3 Hours.
This course examines both global health issues and health systems from a comparative perspective. Like the U.S., many countries are struggling with economic, social, and legal issues facing their respective health care systems and are being overwhelmed by escalating costs. In the process, many countries are confronting tensions between improving quality, ensuring adequate access, and controlling costs. This course will begin by discussing global health themes, including: international health organizations, right to health, access to medicines, significant international health issues, women’s health, children’s health, and the environment and health. We then will define “health systems” and explore what they do and how they have evolved. We will then look at the configuration of health systems, examining different frameworks for healthcare delivery, financing, coverage, and allocation of resources. Next, we will focus on select health care systems around the globe and review the structure and functioning of their health systems. We will explore country-level debates on
issues such access to care and funding and will note how a country’s history has influenced the development of its health system. The teaching strategies for this class include readings, lectures, videos, group discussions, an exam, group presentations, and experienced guest speakers.
GHS 406. Maternal and Child Health in Africa and Asia. 3 Hours.
Despite significant advances in global health over the last fifty years, the burden of disease among the maternal and child health (MCH) population in certain areas of the world remains alarmingly high. While child mortality has declined over the last fifty years, maternal and neonatal mortality has seen relatively little improvement, especially in Sub Saharan Africa and South Asia, which bears a disproportionate share of the global burden of maternal and child health disease. Maternal health is especially critical due to the far ranging impact of a maternal death on the family, community, and society. Fortunately, high impact, cost-effective solutions exist to address these highly preventable maternal and child deaths. In this course we will discuss those successful MCH interventions and policies in addition to identifying different barriers and challenges to the implementation and scale up of MCH services in Africa and Asia.
Prerequisites: PUH 202 [Min Grade: C]
GHS 420. Field Studies: Jamaica. 3 Hours.
This course is designed for students interested in global health, whether from public health, medicine, nursing, or other allied graduate programs. Key details about this course include: 1)It is focused on community-based approaches to public health, this course emphasizes the integration and application of classroom, laboratory and field experiences in order to foster problem-solving skills for infectious disease ecology, surveillance and control in resource-constrained settings. 2)Lectures will be given online prior to the beginning of the course and briefings will be held in UWI facilities while in Jamaica. 3)The three primary field projects will be mosquito surveillance, STD/HIV care and prevention, and water & sanitation. 4)In Jamaica, students will attend briefings, acquire laboratory identification skills and use field techniques to generate and analyze data.
GHS 430. Global Health Training, SIFAT. 6 Hours.
This two week intensive field training course will take place at SIFAT’s 176-acre international training campus in Lineville, AL. Students will attend didactic sessions and participate in hands-on activities and simulations. SIFAT trainers are experienced in international development and cross-cultural dynamics.
HCO-Health Care Organization Courses
HCO 305. Consequences of World Disaster. 3 Hours.
This course examines what makes an event a disaster and how that disaster may be measured in terms of its effects on population health, infrastructure, and economy. In addition, the course explores how disasters may be exacerbated by geography, population, and poverty. Several difference classifications of selected world disasters case studies will be discussed in terms of impact, preparation, response, and consequences. Finally, hazard analysis, vulnerability analysis, risk assessment, recovery systems, and policy responses will be discussed. Student projects will explore and predict location, type, and possible prevention/remediation recommendation.
HCO 306. Public Health Preparedness and Response Capabilities. 3 Hours.
This course provides an introduction to public health preparedness capabilities used in the United States. This course will also provide background on federal funding for these programs. We will examine the following questions: After a major disaster or public health emergency, what public health services are in place to address the needs of the population? For example, in case of a public health emergency, how would a health department distribute vaccines, medicine, and antidotes to a population? Or, how does a public health department respond in case of a mass casualty incident? How are these services procured after a disaster? Who delivers these services? How do public health departments track patients and resources during a disaster?.
Prerequisites: HCO 305 [Min Grade: C]
HCO 340. Disaster and Emergency Management. 3 Hours.
This course will provide a concerted look into the realm of disaster and emergency management and public health emergency preparedness. Discussions in this course will concentrate on how disaster and emergency management is changing and how public health emergency preparedness has evolved since the beginning of the millennium. Pertinent background information related to federal, state, and local activities to plan, prepare for, and mitigate potential threats will be
studied along with activities around response and recovery. An analysis on federal roles in preparedness, response, and recovery risk assessment and hazard vulnerability analysis; and review of elements of emergency response plans will be included. This course will culminate with a look at the roles and responsibilities of the public health systems in preparing for and responding to both natural and man-made disasters. This course will include a service learning
project in which students will be provided with the opportunity to apply concepts learned in class
to real-life situations in the community.
HCO 341. Public Health Preparedness and Emergency Management: Law, Policy, and Planning. 3 Hours.
The course will introduce students to the legal aspects of public health preparedness and emergency management for both hostile attacks and natural disasters. The threats posed by bioterrorism (e.g., anthrax, smallpox) , naturally occurring pandemics ( e.g.,influenza), bombings, and natural disasters (e.g, fires, hurricanes, tornados, floods, and earthquakes) will be examined.
Prerequisites: HCO 305 [Min Grade: C]
PUH-Public Health Courses
PUH 101. Prepare, Promote, Prevent. 1 Hour.
This First Year Experience (FYE) course is for students majoring in or interested in Public Health. It is designed to introduce freshmen to the tools and techniques that will enhance their transition to college and improve their academic success. Goal setting, time management, faculty/peer interaction, and other relevant academic skills will be addressed. Students will also gain an understanding of the various educational opportunities and career options associated with Public Health.
PUH 201. The Origins of Public Health. 3 Hours.
This course explores the richness of public health through its disciplines and its stories to demonstrate how the understanding of the origins of epidemics determines the progress of civilization.
PUH 202. Introduction to Global Health. 3 Hours.
This course is designed to introduce students to the topic of global health and impart a basic understanding of its interdisciplinary nature, successes to date, and current challenges in the field. The first part of the course provides a basic framework for understanding global public health issues and improvement of health at a population level by exposing students to basic public health concepts of disease burden, standard indices for measuring population-based health, and highlighting global epidemiologic trends. Progress towards the Millennium Development Goals will be a focus of discussion. The second section of the course will discuss vulnerable populations and how their specific needs are prioritized and addressed. Third, the class will examine strategies for organization and delivery of health care services at a population level and examine health as a human right. Finally, the course will look at the key institutions and organizations working in tandem with health ministries to address global health and the need for major collaborative initiatives to address health disparities worldwide.
PUH 204. Health Meets Life. 3 Hours.
This course will be structured around lectures, in-class activities, and discussions of lecture, readings, and current events. The successful student will engage in active listening and critical thinking of the topics presented. Students will be evaluated by class participation, projects, and exams.
PUH 210. Public Health Bio. 3 Hours.
This course will consist of lectures and in-class active-learning activities centered on deepening the students’ understanding of the fundamental biological concepts with an emphasis on significant public health problems. Each major system will be presented first as normal physiology, then, how genetics and/or specific exposures (voluntary and involuntary) contribute to diseases of public health significance. Examples may include genetics/genomics with cancer and disease susceptibility; the immune system and infectious diseases; respiratory system with asthma; the nervous system with pesticide exposure; the reproductive system, STIs and reduced fertility; and, fetal development with drug addiction. The relevance for the biological basis of public health will be underscored through a major assignment in which the student will research a current issue in public health, thoroughly explain the biological basis of the condition, identify factors (genetic and non-genetic) that may contribute to the problem, and finally propose interventions (behavior choices, genetic counseling, policy, avoiding or limiting exposures, etc.) that could lead to improvements in public health.
Prerequisites: (BY 101 [Min Grade: C] and BY 102 [Min Grade: C]) or BY 123 [Min Grade: C]
PUH 250. Biostatistics. 3 Hours.
Students will gain a thorough understanding of basic analysis methods, elementary concepts, statistical models and applications of probability, commonly used sampling distributions, parametric and nonparametric one and two sample tests, confidence intervals, applications of analysis of two-way contingency table data, simple linear regression, and simple analysis of variance.
Prerequisites: MA 102 [Min Grade: C] or MA 105 [Min Grade: C] or MA 106 [Min Grade: C] or MA 107 [Min Grade: C] or MA 109 [Min Grade: C] or MA 110 [Min Grade: C] or MA 125 [Min Grade: C]
PUH 300. Environment Factors in PH. 3 Hours.
This didactic lecture course open to students from all majors will survey current issues and challenges in our global and local environmental and how those impact our health. It will examine the sources, exposure routes, regulation and health outcomes associated with biological, chemical, and physical agents in the environment, both naturally occurring and man-made. We will examine these agents and how they impact air, water and food quality to cause disease. Regulatory agencies, risk assessment and disaster response and preparedness will be discussed.
PUH 301. Origins of Epidemics: How Public Health Defines Population and Nations. 3 Hours.
The intellectual tools of public health describe diseases from cholera and pandemic avian influenza to obesity and diabetes that threaten the integrity of organized societies. This course explores the richness of public health through its disciplines and its stories to demonstrate how the understanding of the origins of epidemics determines the progress of civilizations.
PUH 302. Epid: Beyond the Outbreak. 3 Hours.
The course will provide students with a basic understanding of epidemiology
history, methods, and practice. The history of epidemiology will focus on major historical
events such as John Snow and the 1854 Broad Street cholera outbreak . The course will also
cover basic epidemiologic methods such measures of disease occurrence (e.g., prevalence and
incidence) as well as basic study designs such as case-control and cohort studies. Later in the
term, students will utilize actual epidemiologic investigations in order to learn how these
methods are put into practice.
The coursework will focus mostly on discussion for the first part of the course focused on the
history of epidemiology. The section on methods will primarily be problem-based, performing
basic analysis of epidemiologic data through calculation of prevalence/incidence and measures
of association (e.g., prevalence ratio, incidence rate ratio). This work will lead to students to
prepare a document on how they would respond to an outbreak in a situation described by the
course master. The entire coursework will take place in a lecture format, with the class meeting
twice a week.
PUH 303. Intro Global Health. 3 Hours.
This course is designed to provide students witha an appreciation of the interdisciplinary nature of global health, its history, successes to date, and current challenges. Studetn will be introduced to basic concspts of health disparities, major causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide and determinants of health. Students will be introduced to challenges of health care organization and delivery and will discuss health as a human right. Finally students will discuss key 'players' in global health and how partnerships are essential for addressing health needs worlwide, Lectures, discussion, and case studies wil be integral teaching elements of the course.
PUH 306. Information Literacy and Communication in Public Health. 3 Hours.
This course introduces students to the knowledge and skills necessary to communicate effectively public health concepts and interventions in an audience-appropriate fashion while addressing possible cultural, language, and educational barriers.
PUH 405. Managing Public Health Programs. 3 Hours.
This course is designed to prepare students to manage programs within a team through helping to build consensus, manage partnerships, facilitate discussions, and resolve conflicts among stakeholders within a project. They will also be introduced to project management concepts including the project management life cycle and monitoring and evaluation practices.
PUH 498. Special Topics in Public Health. 1-6 Hour.
This special topics course will be used in the undergraduate program to cover emerging issues or specialized content not represented in the main curriculum.