**Chair**: David L. Shealy

Physics is a basic science concerned with the study of the universe and the matter, space-time, energy and interactions that take place among them. It includes core theories of classical mechanics, electromagnetism, quantum mechanics, relativity, and thermodynamics. Practical applications of these theories are covered in courses such as Biophysics, Laser Physics, Optics, Solid State Physics, and Nanoscale Science & Applications. There are opportunities for physics majors to excel through research participation in funded projects where stipends are available and/or the established NSF/NASA REU Program, by joining the Honors Physics Program, and/or by participating in the Society of Physics Students.

The Department of Physics offers courses in astronomy, physics, and physical science. The B.S. degree, with a major in physics, is offered via two tracks. Advising for all physics majors is provided by a professional advisor in conjunction with faculty members. Throughout the course of study of physics as a major or minor, emphasis is placed on understanding of the theories of physics to solve basic and applied problems in science and technology by using critical thinking and systematic analysis. Physicists work effectively in many careers which require these skills, such as, design and development; programming; quality control; high school teaching; management and administration; financial, medical, and legal services; and applied research.

**For the major, there are two distinct B.S. degree tracks in physics:**

- Physics
- Biophysics

The Physics Track is designed to prepare students for research and high-tech careers and for graduate study in the physical sciences.

The Biophysics Track is a multidisciplinary program of study designed to place students in medical school, graduate school in the biosciences, teaching positions, or biotech enterprises. A balanced, flexible mix of physics, chemistry, biology and math is required.

A Bachelor of Science degree with Honors in Physics is available for both tracks, and offers the motivated and capable Physics Major with the enhanced opportunity to develop the research, problem-solving and communication skills necessary to excel in a scientific career.

The Department of Physics Web site (http://www.uab.edu/physics/) summarizes information about the Departmental programs. Further information may be obtained from Dr. Renato Camata, Undergraduate Program Director at (205) 934-8143, camata@uab.edu.

## Graduate Programs

The Department of Physics offers graduate study leading to the degrees of Master ofScience and Doctor of Philosophy in physics. The department also participates in an interdisciplinary Ph.D. degree program in materials science. Further information may be obtained from Dr. Mary Ellen Zvanut, Interim Graduate Program Director at (205) 934-6661, mezvanut@uab.edu, or the UAB Graduate School Catalog.

See the UAB Graduate School Catalog for descriptions of graduate courses*.*

## Major in Physics

## Major in Physics with a Biophysics Track

## Major Requirements for Physics

Requirements | Hours | |
---|---|---|

Required Chemistry | ||

CH 115 & CH 116 | General Chemistry I and General Chemistry I Laboratory | 4 |

CH 117 & CH 118 | General Chemistry II and General Chemistry II Laboratory | 4 |

Required Mathematics | ||

MA 125 | Calculus I | 4 |

MA 126 | Calculus II | 4 |

MA 227 | Calculus III | 4 |

MA 252 | Introduction to Differential Equations | 3 |

Mathematics Elective | ||

Select one of the following courses: | 3-4 | |

Introduction to Linear Algebra | ||

Math Tools for Engineering Problem Solving | ||

Introduction to Mathematical Biology | ||

History of Mathematics I | ||

History of Mathematics II | ||

Scientific Programming | ||

Mathematical Modeling | ||

Integrating Mathematical Ideas | ||

Special Topics | ||

Algebra I: Linear | ||

Algebra II: Modern | ||

Advanced Calculus I | ||

Advanced Calculus II | ||

Vector Analysis | ||

Complex Analysis | ||

Transforms | ||

Intermediate Differential Equations | ||

Partial Differential Equations I | ||

Partial Differential Equations II | ||

Modeling with Partial Differential Equations | ||

Intro to Stochastic Differential Equations | ||

Operations Research I | ||

Operations Research II | ||

Partial Differential Equations: Finite Diff. Meth. | ||

Gas Dynamics | ||

Numerical Analysis | ||

Numerical Analysis II | ||

Differential Geometry I | ||

Differential Geometry II | ||

Geometry I | ||

Geometry II | ||

Introduction to Topology I | ||

Introduction to Topology II | ||

Probability | ||

Mathematical Statistics | ||

Required Physics Courses | ||

PH 221 | General Physics I | 4 |

PH 222 | General Physics II | 4 |

PH 351 | Modern Physics I | 4 |

PH 352 | Modern Physics II | 4 |

PH 432 | Statistical Thermodynamics I | 3 |

PH 445 | Electromagnetic Theory I | 3 |

PH 446 | Electromagnetic Theory II | 3 |

PH 450 | Introductory Quantum Mechanics I | 3 |

PH 451 | Introductory Quantum Mechanics II | 3 |

PH 461 | Classical Mechanics I | 3 |

PH 462 | Classical Mechanics II | 3 |

PH 499 | Physics Capstone | 3 |

Total Hours | 66-67 |

### Grade Requirement

Students must earn a grade of “C” or better in all courses applied to this major.

### Additional Requirements

#### General Electives

Students must take general electives to reach the 120 semester hour requirement.

#### Minor

A minor is required for this degree, unless a double major is being earned.

**Biophysics Track**

The Biophysics Track is a multidisciplinary program of study designed to place students in medical school, graduate school in the biosciences, teaching positions, or biotech enterprises. A balanced, flexible mix of physics, chemistry, biology and math is required.

## Major Requirements for Physics with Biophysics Track

Requirements | Hours | |
---|---|---|

Required Biology | ||

BY 123 | Introductory Biology I | 4 |

BY 124 | Introductory Biology II | 4 |

Required Chemistry | ||

CH 115 & CH 116 | General Chemistry I and General Chemistry I Laboratory | 4 |

CH 117 & CH 118 | General Chemistry II and General Chemistry II Laboratory | 4 |

CH 235 & CH 236 | Organic Chemistry I and Organic Chemistry I Laboratory | 4 |

CH 237 & CH 238 | Organic Chemistry II and Organic Chemistry II Laboratory | 4 |

Required Mathematics | ||

MA 125 | Calculus I | 4 |

MA 126 | Calculus II | 4 |

MA 227 | Calculus III | 4 |

MA 252 | Introduction to Differential Equations | 3 |

Mathematics Elective | ||

Select one of the following courses: | 3 | |

Introduction to Linear Algebra | ||

Math Tools for Engineering Problem Solving | ||

Introduction to Mathematical Biology | ||

History of Mathematics I | ||

History of Mathematics II | ||

Scientific Programming | ||

Mathematical Modeling | ||

Integrating Mathematical Ideas | ||

Special Topics | ||

Algebra I: Linear | ||

Algebra II: Modern | ||

Advanced Calculus I | ||

Advanced Calculus II | ||

Vector Analysis | ||

Complex Analysis | ||

Transforms | ||

Intermediate Differential Equations | ||

Partial Differential Equations I | ||

Partial Differential Equations II | ||

Modeling with Partial Differential Equations | ||

Intro to Stochastic Differential Equations | ||

Operations Research I | ||

Operations Research II | ||

Partial Differential Equations: Finite Diff. Meth. | ||

Gas Dynamics | ||

Numerical Analysis | ||

Numerical Analysis II | ||

Differential Geometry I | ||

Differential Geometry II | ||

Geometry I | ||

Geometry II | ||

Introduction to Topology I | ||

Introduction to Topology II | ||

Probability | ||

Mathematical Statistics | ||

Required Physics Courses | ||

PH 221 | General Physics I | 4 |

PH 222 | General Physics II | 4 |

PH 351 | Modern Physics I | 4 |

PH 352 | Modern Physics II | 4 |

PH 432 | Statistical Thermodynamics I | 3 |

PH 499 | Physics Capstone | 3 |

Physics Elective | ||

Select seven hours of approved Physics (PH) courses at the 400 level. | 7 | |

Total Hours | 71 |

### Grade Requirement

Students must earn a grade of “C” or better in all courses applied to this major.

### Additional Requirements

A biophysics track student who has taken all or part of the PH 201-202 sequence before declaring a physics major may petition to have those courses substitute for PH 221-222. Students seeking physics teaching certification should plan for 32 semester hours in physics courses.

#### General Electives

Students must take general electives to reach the 120 semester hour requirement.

#### Minor

A minor is required for this degree, unless a double major is being earned.

## Proposed Program of Study for a Major in Physics

Freshman | |||
---|---|---|---|

First Term | Hours | Second Term | Hours |

EH 101 | 3 | EH 102 | 3 |

CH 115 | 3 | CH 117 | 3 |

CH 116 | 1 | CH 118 | 1 |

MA 125 | 4 | MA 126 | 4 |

MU 120 | 3 | PHL 115 | 3 |

CAS 1xx (Freshman Year Experience) | 2 | ARH 101 | 3 |

16 | 17 | ||

Sophomore | |||

First Term | Hours | Second Term | Hours |

PH 221 | 4 | PH 222 | 4 |

MA 227 | 4 | MA 252 | 3 |

EH 216 | 3 | CS 101 | 3 |

HY 101 | 3 | HY 102 | 3 |

PE 11x (Physical Education Elective) | 1 | SOC 100 | 3 |

15 | 16 | ||

Junior | |||

First Term | Hours | Second Term | Hours |

PH 351 | 4 | PH 352 | 4 |

MA 260 | 3 | PH 432 | 3 |

PH 461 | 3 | PH 462 | 3 |

PH 420 | 3 | MA 361 | 3 |

ANTH 101 | 3 | PH 491 | 2 |

16 | 15 | ||

Senior | |||

First Term | Hours | Second Term | Hours |

PH 445 | 3 | PH 446 | 3 |

PH 450 | 3 | PH 451 | 3 |

PH 4xx (Advanced Physics Elective) | 4 | PH 4xx (Advanced Physics Elective) | 3 |

EC 210 | 3 | PH 499 | 3 |

13 | 12 | ||

Total credit hours: 120 |

## Proposed Program of Study for a Major in Physics with a Biophysics Track

Freshman | |||
---|---|---|---|

First Term | Hours | Second Term | Hours |

EH 101 | 3 | EH 102 | 3 |

CH 115 | 3 | CH 117 | 3 |

CH 116 | 1 | CH 118 | 1 |

MA 125 | 4 | MA 126 | 4 |

BY 123 | 4 | BY 124 | 4 |

CAS 1xx (Freshman Year Experience) | 2 | ||

17 | 15 | ||

Sophomore | |||

First Term | Hours | Second Term | Hours |

PH 221 | 4 | PH 222 | 4 |

MA 227 | 4 | MA 252 | 3 |

CH 235 | 3 | CH 237 | 3 |

CH 236 | 1 | CH 238 | 1 |

HY 101 | 3 | HY 102 | 3 |

SOC 100 | 3 | ||

15 | 17 | ||

Junior | |||

First Term | Hours | Second Term | Hours |

PH 351 | 4 | PH 352 | 4 |

PHL 115 | 3 | PH 491 | 4 |

EC 210 | 3 | PH 432 | 3 |

PH 420 | 3 | MA 2xx or above (Math Elective) | 3 |

CS 101 | 3 | ||

16 | 14 | ||

Senior | |||

First Term | Hours | Second Term | Hours |

PH 445 | 3 | PH 4xx (Advanced Physics Elective) | 3 |

PH 461 | 3 | PH 499 | 3 |

PH 475 | 3 | MU 120 | 3 |

EH 216 | 3 | ANTH 101 | 3 |

ARH 101 | 3 | ||

15 | 12 | ||

Total credit hours: 121 |

## Minor Requirements for Physics

Requirements | Hours | |
---|---|---|

Required Physics Courses | ||

PH 221 | General Physics I ^{1} | 4 |

PH 222 | General Physics II ^{1} | 4 |

PH 351 | Modern Physics I | 4 |

Physics Electives | ||

Select 6 hours from the following: | 6 | |

Modern Physics II | ||

Mathematical Methods of Physics I | ||

Computational Physics | ||

Applications of Contemporary Optics I | ||

Statistical Thermodynamics I | ||

Electromagnetic Theory I | ||

Electromagnetic Theory II | ||

Introductory Quantum Mechanics I | ||

Introductory Quantum Mechanics II | ||

Introductory Solid State Physics I | ||

Introductory Solid State Physics II | ||

Classical Mechanics I | ||

Classical Mechanics II | ||

Introduction to Biophysics I | ||

Introduction to Biophysics II | ||

Laser Physics I | ||

Laser Physics II | ||

Nanoscale Science and Applications | ||

Total Hours | 18 |

^{1} | PH 221 General Physics I and PH 222 General Physics II may also satisfy the Core Curriculum Area III: Natural Sciences requirement; check the Core Curriculum for your particular major. |

### GPA & Residency Requirement

A minimum grade of "C" is required in all courses applied to the minor, as well as all mathematics course prerequisites. A minimum of two physics courses must be completed at UAB.

**Honors Program in Physics**

The Physics Honors Program offers the motivated and capable physics major enhanced opportunities to develop the research, problem solving, and communication skills necessary for a dedicated effort in the scientific enterprise. By designing, describing, and defending a research project, the honors graduate will have a documented capacity for success in graduate school or in any career where scientific critical thinking, motivation, and accomplishment are valued.

**Eligibility**

Acceptance into the Physics Honors Program requires the student to:

- have earned a 3.25 GPA in physics courses attempted.
- have earned a 3.0 GPA overall.
- have completed 16 semester hours in physics, including PH 351-PH 352.

**Requirements**

Students graduating with Physics Honors are required to have completed the following:

- arrangement with a faculty sponsor to do a physics research project satisfying expectations for six semester hours of PH 495 Honors Research
- selection of an Honors Committee.
- committee approval of a written research proposal.
- completion of the proposed six semester hours of PH 495 Honors Research.
- maintenance of a 3.25 GPA in physics courses and an overall 3.0 GPA.
- a written report in the format required by an appropriate journal.
- an oral or poster presentation of the research project to the Honors Committee.

**Benefits**

The goal of the Physics Honors Program is to train capable undergraduates for uncommon accomplishment in academic research. The new physics honors graduate will have documented experience and productivity commonly found in second- or third-year graduate students. Ideally, the research project will result in publication and presentation at a national conference, giving the honors graduate strong credentials for graduate or medical/professional school, for industrial research, for science writing, and for teaching. Contacts made through publication and conferences and informed references written by mentor and committee members give the honors graduate a significant edge in the job market. The successful honors student will be recognized at the UAB Honors Convocation and will graduate “With Honors in Physics.”

**Contact**

Dr. Renato P. Camata

Director Undergraduate Physics Program

E-Mail: camata@uab.edu

Dr. David L. Shealy, Chair

E-mail:dls@uab.edu

Telephone: (205) 934-4736

__Mail address__

UAB-Physics

1530 3rd Ave. S., CH310

Birmingham, AL 35294-1170 USA

### AST-Astronomy Courses

**AST 101. Astronomy of the Universe. 3 Hours.**

Survey of the universe of matter and energy. Interpretation of observations to develop a self-consistent view of the universe, basic physical laws and structures, cosmic history and evolution. Quantitative Literacy is a significant component of this course (QEP).

**AST 102. Astronomy of Stellar Systems. 3 Hours.**

Mechanisms and processes of universe and interrelationships as systems, including nature of stars and galaxies: formation, interior processes, including energy generation, evolution, and galaxies as systems. Lecture and laboratory. Quantitative Literacy is a significant component of this course (QEP). Requires concurrent enrollment in AST 112 laboratory.

**AST 103. Astronomy of the Solar System. 3 Hours.**

Descriptive and interpretive approach to solar and interplanetary phenomena, comets, and cometary/meteor relationships, asteroids and planetesimals, planetary surfaces, atmospheres, and interior structures. Physical law governing the solar system and quest for understanding its history and evolution, including formation. Lecture. Requires concurrent enrollment in AST 113 laboratory.

**AST 105. Extraterrestrial Life. 3 Hours.**

Interdisciplinary treatment (astronomy, chemistry, biology, planetary science, communications, and information sciences) of the universe as habitat, cosmic chemistry of molecules and evolution, environmental requirements, origin and occurrence of life, search for evidence, intelligence, communication, and contact. Lecture and laboratory. Concurrent enrollment in AST 115 laboratory required.

**AST 111. Astronomy of the Universe Laboratory. 1 Hour.**

Laboratory experience demonstrates how astronomy is practiced through observation experiences, laboratory experiments, and exercises involving analysis of data. Specific experiences illuminate topics presented in AST 101. Quantitative Literacy is a significant component of this course (QEP). Must take with AST 101 to receive credit.

**Prerequisites:** AST 101 [Min Grade: D](Can be taken Concurrently)

**AST 112. Astronomy of Stellar Systems Laboratory. 1 Hour.**

Laboratory experience demonstrates how astronomy is practiced through observation experiences, laboratory experiments, and exercises involving analysis of data. Specific experiences illuminate topics presented in AST 102. Quantitative Literacy is a significant component of this course (QEP). Must take with ST 102 to receive credit.

**Prerequisites:** AST 102 [Min Grade: D](Can be taken Concurrently)

**AST 113. Astronomy of the Solar Systems Laboratory. 1 Hour.**

Laboratory experience demonstrates how astronomy is practiced through observation experiences, laboratory experiments, and exercises involving analysis of data. Specific experiments illuminate topics presented in AST 103. Must take AST 103 to receive credit.

**Prerequisites:** AST 103 [Min Grade: C](Can be taken Concurrently)

### PH-Physics Courses

**PH 100. Preparatory Physics. 3 Hours.**

Designed primarily for students in need of preparation for PH 201 or PH 221. Vectors, kinematics, and dynamics, including conservation laws. Emphasis placed on methods of analyzing physics problems, setting up equations for physics problems, and interpreting information in physics problems.

**Prerequisites:** MA 106 [Min Grade: C] or MA 107 [Min Grade: C] or MA 125 [Min Grade: C]

**PH 191. Co-operative Work Program. 2-3 Hours.**

Co-Op Work Program.

**PH 201. College Physics I. 4 Hours.**

First term of non-calculus based physics. Linear and planar motion, Newton¿s laws, work and energy, gravitation, momentum, rigid body motion, elasticity, oscillations, waves, sound, fluids, ideal gases, heat and thermodynamics. Lecture and laboratory. Quantitative Literacy is a significant component of this course (QEP).

**Prerequisites:** MA 106 [Min Grade: C] or MA 107 [Min Grade: C] or MA 125 [Min Grade: C] or PH 100 [Min Grade: C]

**PH 201L. College Physics Laboratory I. 0 Hours.**

Laboratory for PH 201. Lecture, laboratory, and recitation must be taken concurrently.

**PH 201R. College Physics I Recitation. 0 Hours.**

First term of non-calculus based physics. Linear and planar motion, Newton s Law, work and energy, gravitation, momentum, rigid body motion, statics, elasticity, oscillations, waves, sound, fluids, ideal gases, heat,and thermodynamics. Lecture, laboratory, and resicitation must be taken concurrently.

**PH 202. College Physics II. 4 Hours.**

Second term of non-calculus based physics. Electricity and magnetism, optics, and modern physics. Lecture, laboratory, and resicitation must be taken concurrently.

**Prerequisites:** PH 201 [Min Grade: C]

**PH 202L. College Physics Laboratory II. 0 Hours.**

Laboratory for PH 202. Lecture, laboratory, and recitation must be taken concurrently.

**PH 202R. College Physics II - Recitation. 0 Hours.**

Second term of non-calculus based physics sequence covering electricity and magnetism, optics, and modern physics. Lecture, laboratory, and resicitation must be taken concurrently.

**PH 211. College Physics I Laboratory. 1 Hour.**

College Physics I Laboratory.

**PH 212. College Physics II Lab. 1 Hour.**

**PH 221. General Physics I. 4 Hours.**

First term of introductory, calculus-based general physics sequence covering classical mechanics: measurements, kinematics, vectors, translational and rotational dynamics, work, energy, momentum, statics, oscillatory motion, wave motion, and sound. Lecture and laboratory. Quantitative Literacy is a significant component of this course (QEP).
PH 221 General Physics I Honors: This section of PH 221 is designed for students with strong interests and preparation in science, mathematics, and/or engineering. Topics are covered with more mathematical rigor and in greater depth than in regular sections.

**Prerequisites:** MA 125 [Min Grade: C]

**PH 221L. General Physics Laboratory I. 0 Hours.**

Laboratory for PH 221. Lecture, laboratory, and recitation must be taken concurrently.

**PH 221R. General Physics I Recitation. 0 Hours.**

First term of introductory, calculus-based general physics sequence covering classical mechanics: measurements, kinematics, vectors, translational and rotational dynamics, work, energy, momentum, statics, oscillatory motion, wave motion, and sound. Lecture, laboratory, and resicitation must be taken concurrently.

**PH 222. General Physics II. 4 Hours.**

Second term of introductory, calculus-based general physics sequence covering electricity and magnetism: Coulomb's Law, electric fields, Gauss' Law, potential, capacitors and dielectrics, Ohm's Law, DC circuits, magnetic fields, Ampere's Law, Biot-Savart Law, Faraday's Law, inductance, AC circuits, geometrical and physical optics. Lecture, Laboratory, and Recitation must be taken concurrently.
PH 222 General Physics II Honors: This section of PH 222 is designed for students with strong interests and preparation in science, mathematics, and/or engineering. Topics are covered with more mathematical rigor and in greater depth than in regular sections.

**Prerequisites:** PH 221 [Min Grade: C] and MA 126 [Min Grade: C]

**PH 222L. General Physics Laboratory II. 0 Hours.**

Laboratory for PH 222. Lecture, Laboratory, and Recitation must be taken concurrently.

**PH 222R. General Physics II - Recitation. 0 Hours.**

Second term of introductory, calculus-based general physics sequence covering electricity and magnetism, Coulomb's Law, electric fields, Gauss' Law, potential, capacitors, and dielectrics, Ohm's Law, DC circuits, magnetic fields, Ampere's Law, Biot-Savart Law, Faraday's Law, inductance, AC circuits, geometrical and physical optics. Lecture, Laboratory, and Resicitation must be taken concurrently.

**PH 231. General Physics I Laboratory. 1 Hour.**

General Physics I Laboratory.

**PH 232. General Physics II Laboratory. 1 Hour.**

**PH 301. Instructional Astronomy I. 4 Hours.**

Survey of selected topics in astronomy of the universe, stellar systems and solar systems with a focus on preparing to teach. Lecture and Laboratory must be taken concurrently.

**PH 301L. Instructional Astronomy Laboratory. 0 Hours.**

Laboratory for PH 301. Lecture and Laboratory must be taken concurrently.

**PH 302. Instructional Physical Science. 4 Hours.**

Lecture and discussion in areas of the physical sciences importance to basic scientific literacy and to current technology, with a focus on preparing to teach. Must be taken concurrently with PH 302L.

**PH 302L. Instructional Physical Science Laboratory. 0 Hours.**

Laboratory for PH 302.

**PH 304. Intermediate Mechanics. 3 Hours.**

Intermediate treatment of the kinematics and dynamics of classical systems.Presentation of problem solving techniques is emphasized.

**Prerequisites:** PH 222 [Min Grade: C]

**PH 305. Intermediate Electricity and Magnetism. 3 Hours.**

Intermediate treatment of electricity and magnetism including fields, potential, induction, Maxwell's equations, circuits. Presentation of problem solving techniques is emphasized.

**Prerequisites:** PH 222 [Min Grade: C]

**PH 331. Classical Thermodynamics. 3 Hours.**

Introduction to thermal phenomena on a macroscopic and statistical basic, principles and laws governing them.

**Prerequisites:** PH 222 [Min Grade: C] and MA 227 [Min Grade: C]

**PH 351. Modern Physics I. 4 Hours.**

Special relativity, atomic physics, and quantum mechanics. Theoretical and experimental studies to understand observable properties of matter in terms of microscopic constituents. Emphasis on the use of quantitative reasoning to solve modern physics problems. Writing and scientific ethics assignments based on laboratory experiences. Lecture and laboratory. Writing, Quantitative Literacy and Ethics and Civic Responsibility are significant components of this course (QEP).

**Prerequisites:** PH 222 [Min Grade: C]

**PH 351L. Modern Physics I Laboratory. 0 Hours.**

Laboratory for PH 352. Writing, Quantitative Literacy and Ethics and Civic Responsibility are significant components of this course (QEP).

**PH 352. Modern Physics II. 4 Hours.**

Atomic, molecular, and solid-state physics; semiconductors, lasers and nanotechnology; nuclear and particle physics; general relativity and cosmology. Emphasis on the use of quantitative reasoning to solve modern physics problems. Writing and scientific ethics assignments based on laboratory experiences. Lecture and laboratory. Writing, Quantitative Literacy and Ethics and Civic Responsibility are significant components of this course (QEP).

**Prerequisites:** PH 351 [Min Grade: C]

**PH 352L. Modern Physics II Laboratory. 0 Hours.**

Laboratory for PH 352. Writing, Quantitative Literacy and Ethics and Civic Responsibility are significant components of this course (QEP).

**PH 397. Directed Reading in Physics I. 2-3 Hours.**

Tutorial studies in physics offered by special arrangement. Permission of instructor.

**PH 398. Directed Reading in Physics II. 2-3 Hours.**

Tutorial studies in physics offered by special arrangement. Permission of instructor.

**PH 420. Mathematical Methods of Physics I. 3 Hours.**

Vector calculus. Curvilinear coordinate systems. Commonly encountered ordinary differential equations and special functions. Complex variables and contour integration. Partial differential equations, including solutions by Green function methods.

**Prerequisites:** PH 222 [Min Grade: C] and MA 252 [Min Grade: C] or EGR 265 [Min Grade: C]

**PH 421. Mathematical Methods of Physics II. 3 Hours.**

Vector calculus. Curvilinear coordinate systems. Commonly encountered ordinary differential equations and special functions. Complex variables and contour integration. Partial differential equations, including solutions by Green function methods.

**Prerequisites:** PH 420 [Min Grade: C]

**PH 423. Computational Physics. 3 Hours.**

Introduces symbolic and numerical computation through examples drawn from classical and modern physics, such as, classical mechanics, electromagnetism, and quantum mechanics. Emphasizes computer-based approaches to visualization, solution of ordinary differential equations, evaluation of integrals, and finding roots, eigenvalues, and eigenvectors.

**Prerequisites:** MA 252 [Min Grade: C] or EGR 265 [Min Grade: C] and PH 222 [Min Grade: C]

**PH 425. Applications of Contemporary Optics I. 3 Hours.**

Applied geometrical and wave optics. Paraxial ray optics, optical matrix theory, aberrations, optical imaging systems, and computer-based optical design. Optical interferometry, diffraction, holography, polarization phenomena, coherence theory, lasers, and Gaussian beam propagation.

**Prerequisites:** PH 222 [Min Grade: C]

**PH 426. Applications of Contemporary Optics II. 3 Hours.**

Applied geometrical and wave optics. Paraxial ray optics, optical matrix theory, aberrations, optical imaging systems, and computer-based optical design. Optical interferometry, diffraction, holography, polarization phenomena, coherence theory, lasers, and Gaussian beam propagation.

**Prerequisites:** PH 425 [Min Grade: C]

**PH 427. Geometrical Optics. 4 Hours.**

Properties of optical systems. Lenses, mirrors, and stops. Aberrations. Rays and wave fronts. Optical instruments. Aspheric components. Lecture and laboratory must be taken concurrently.

**Prerequisites:** PH 222 [Min Grade: C]

**PH 427L. Geometrical Optics Laboratory. 0 Hours.**

Laboratory for PH 427. Lecture and laboratory must be taken concurrently.

**PH 428. Physical Optics. 4 Hours.**

Interference and diffraction phenomena. Emission, propagation, and absorption of radiation. Polarization and dispersion. Stimulated emission. Lecture and laboratory must be taken concurrently.

**Prerequisites:** PH 222 [Min Grade: C]

**PH 428L. Physical Optics Laboratory. 0 Hours.**

Laboratory for PH 428. Lecture and laboratory must be taken concurrently.

**PH 429. Applications of Contemporary Optics III. 3 Hours.**

Optical interactions with materials, including nonlinear optical effects, such as birefringence, electro-optics, photoelasticity, crystal optics, acousto-optics, and phase conjugation. Optical spectroscopies, such as spectroscopic instrumentation, lasers as spectroscopic light sources, fluorescence and Raman laser spectroscopy, and applications of laser spectroscopy in chemistry, environmental research, materials science, biology, and medicine.

**Prerequisites:** PH 425 [Min Grade: C] and PH 426 [Min Grade: C]

**PH 432. Statistical Thermodynamics I. 3 Hours.**

Statistical basis of laws of thermodynamics. Ensembles and partition functions. Quantum statistics of ideal gases, including photons and electrons. Applications to solids, real gases, liquids, and magnetic systems. Transport theory.

**Prerequisites:** PH 351 [Min Grade: C]

**PH 433. Statistical Thermodynamics II. 3 Hours.**

Statistical basis of laws of thermodynamics. Ensembles and partition functions. Quantum statistics of ideal gases, including photons and electrons. Applications to solids, real gases, liquids, and magnetic systems. Transport theory.

**Prerequisites:** PH 432 [Min Grade: C] and PH 450 [Min Grade: C]

**PH 445. Electromagnetic Theory I. 3 Hours.**

Electromagnetic theory approached from the standpoint of fields and using Maxwell's equations.

**Prerequisites:** PH 222 [Min Grade: C]

**PH 446. Electromagnetic Theory II. 3 Hours.**

Electromagnetic theory approached from the standpoint of fields and using
Maxwell's equations.

**Prerequisites:** PH 445 [Min Grade: C]

**PH 450. Introductory Quantum Mechanics I. 3 Hours.**

Principles of quantum mechanics and their application to particle waves, angular momentum, tunneling, radiation, and selection rules. Perturbation and variational methods. Successful completion of PH 352 is recommended prior to registering for this class.

**Prerequisites:** PH 352 [Min Grade: C] and PH 461 [Min Grade: C]

**PH 451. Introductory Quantum Mechanics II. 3 Hours.**

Principles of quantum mechanics and their application to particle waves, angular momentum, tunneling, radiation, and selection rules. Perturbation and variational methods. Successful completion of PH 352 is recommended prior to registering for this class.

**Prerequisites:** PH 450 [Min Grade: C]

**PH 453. Introductory Solid State Physics I. 3 Hours.**

Properties of crystal lattices, lattice dynamics, lattice imperfections, and bonding energies. Electronic properties of dielectrics, semiconductors, and metals. Ferroelectric, magnetic, and optical properties of solids.

**Prerequisites:** PH 451 [Min Grade: C]

**PH 454. Introductory Solid State Physics II. 3 Hours.**

Properties of crystal lattices, lattice dynamics, lattice imperfections, and binding energies. Electronic properties of dielectrics, semiconductors,and metals.

**Prerequisites:** PH 453 [Min Grade: C] and PH 451 [Min Grade: C]

**PH 455. Molecular Spectroscopy. 3 Hours.**

Molecular Spectroscopy.

**PH 461. Classical Mechanics I. 3 Hours.**

Kinematics and dynamics, including central forces, rotating coordinate systems, and generalized coordinates. Lagrangian, Hamiltonian, and other equivalent formulations of mechanics.

**Prerequisites:** PH 222 [Min Grade: C] and (MA 252 [Min Grade: C] or EGR 265 [Min Grade: C])

**PH 462. Classical Mechanics II. 3 Hours.**

Kinematics and dynamics, including central forces, rotating coordinate systems, and generalized coordinates. Lagrangian, Hamiltonian, and other equivalent formulations of mechanics.

**Prerequisites:** PH 461 [Min Grade: C]

**PH 467. Special Relativity. 3 Hours.**

Principles and foundations of special relativity with applications to mechanics and electrodynamics.

**Prerequisites:** PH 446 [Min Grade: C] and PH 462 [Min Grade: C]

**PH 468. General Relativity. 3 Hours.**

Gravitational phenomena associated with and resulting from linear field equations. Equivalence principle, its implications of non-linear field, and physical consequences.

**PH 471. Fundamentals of Spectroscopy. 3 Hours.**

Explanation of phenomena related to rotational vibration and electronic spectroscopy of atoms and molecules; operational principles of spectroscopic tools including diffraction grating, waveguides and interferometers, basic group theory concepts and notation.

**PH 475. Introduction to Biophysics I. 3 Hours.**

Physics of biological systems: proteins, lipids, nucleic acids, supramolecular structures, and molecular motors; structure, function, energetics, thermodynamics, and bio-nanotechnology. Emphasis on systems that are best understood in physical and molecular detail. Systems will direct study, with modern physical methods introduced as needed.

**Prerequisites:** PH 351 [Min Grade: C]

**PH 476. Introduction to Biophysics II. 3 Hours.**

Physics of biological systems: proteins, lipids, nucleic acids, supramolecular structures, and molecular motors; structure, function, energetics, thermodynamics, and bio-nanotechnology. Emphasis on systems that are best understood in physical and molecular detail. Systems will direct study, with modern physical methods introduced as needed.

**Prerequisites:** PH 475 [Min Grade: C]

**PH 481. Laser Physics I. 3 Hours.**

Physical principles of laser operation and design. Spontaneous and stimulated emission, population inversion, light amplification, laser resonators, Q-switching, mode-locking, pulse shortening techniques, spectral narrowing, and tunable lasers. Individual types of lasers such as gas, solid state, dye, color center, and semiconductor. Practical applications of lasers as well as modern techniques and instrumentation in laser spectroscopy. Lecture and laboratory must be taken concurrently.

**Prerequisites:** PH 222 [Min Grade: C]

**PH 481L. Laser Physics I Laboratory. 0 Hours.**

Laboratory for PH481. Lecture and laboratory must be taken concurrently.

**PH 482. Laser Physics II. 3 Hours.**

Physical principles of laser operation and design. Spontaneous and stimulated emission, population inversion, light amplification, laser resonators, Q-switching, mode-locking, pulse shortening techniques, spectral narrowing, and tunablelasers. Individual types of lasers such as gas, solid state, dye, color center, and semiconductor. Practical applications of lasers as well as modern techniques and instrumentation in laser spectroscopy. Lecture and laboratory must be taken concurrently.

**Prerequisites:** PH 481 [Min Grade: C]

**PH 482L. Laser Physics II Laboratory. 0 Hours.**

Laboratory for PH 482. Lecture and laboratory must be taken concurrently.

**PH 485. Laser Spectroscopy. 3 Hours.**

Fundamental principles, experimental techniques, instrumentation, and practical applications of laser spectroscopy.

**PH 486. Semiconductor Materials in Modern Technology. 3 Hours.**

Brief review of electronic materials with emphasis on traditional and cutting edge silicon technology. Competing and complementary semiconductors covered in standard lecture and seminar style. Materials: compound and tertiary semiconductors, organic semiconductors, and wide bandgap semiconductors. Applications: optical and chemical sensors, microwave electronics, high power electronics, and lasers. Specific applications and materials determined by student interests.

**Prerequisites:** PH 352 [Min Grade: C] or EE 351 [Min Grade: C] or CH 326 [Min Grade: C]

**PH 487. Nanoscale Science and Applications. 3 Hours.**

Physics of electronic, mechanical, and biological properties of materials at the nanoscale level approaching one billionth of a meter. The applications of nanoscale materials in electronic, mechanical, and biomedical systems will be emphasized. Special tools in synthesis and characterization of nanomaterials will be discussed.

**Prerequisites:** (PH 221 [Min Grade: C] and PH 222 [Min Grade: C]) or (CH 115 [Min Grade: C] and CH 117 [Min Grade: C])

**PH 490. Preparations for Teaching. 1-4 Hour.**

This class prepares physics majors for successful teaching experiences. The course emphasizes a foundation of practical knowledge related to expectations and duties shared by teachers in physics education, as well as an opportunity to read, reflect, and discuss current research related to physics teaching and learning in secondary and higher education.

**Prerequisites:** PH 352 [Min Grade: C]

**PH 491. Advanced Physics Laboratory I. 1-4 Hour.**

This course provides physics majors with the opportunity to integrate the physics knowledge acquired in earlier courses in a research environment under the supervision of an approved UAB faculty mentor.

**Prerequisites:** PH 352 [Min Grade: C]

**PH 492. Advanced Physics Laboratory II. 1-4 Hour.**

This course provides physics majors with the opportunity to integrate the physics knowledge acquired in earlier courses in a research environment under the supervision of an approved UAB faculty mentor.

**Prerequisites:** PH 491 [Min Grade: C]

**PH 493. Advanced Physics Laboratory III. 1-4 Hour.**

This course provides physics majors with the opportunity to integrate the physics knowledge acquired in earlier courses in a research environment under the supervision of an approved UAB faculty mentor.

**Prerequisites:** PH 492 [Min Grade: C]

**PH 495. Honors Research. 3 Hours.**

Research in an area of active research, under the direction of a faculty sponsor and the Honors Committee. May be repeated.

**Prerequisites:** PH 352 [Min Grade: C]

**PH 498. Directed Research. 1-6 Hour.**

Directed Research.

**PH 499. Physics Capstone. 3 Hours.**

Instructional sessions, conclusion of research or teaching project and career planning activities aimed at the integration of physics knowledge and competencies in scientific writing, quantitative literacy, and ethics and civic responsibility.

**Prerequisites:** PH 490 [Min Grade: C] or PH 491 [Min Grade: C] or PH 495 [Min Grade: C]

### PHS-Physical Sciences Courses

**PHS 101. Physical Science. 4 Hours.**

Scientific method and hands-on experience with integrated laboratory, discussion, and lecture. Emphasis on the use of quantitative reasoning to solve physical problems. Writing, assignments based on research and laboratory experiences that include collection and interpretation of experimental data. For nonscience majors. Lecture and laboratory. Writing and Quantitative Literacy are significant components of this course (QEP).

**PHS 101L. Physical Science Laboratory. 0 Hours.**

Must be taken concurrently with PHS 101 lecture.

**PHS 102L. Physical Science Lab. 0 Hours.**

Physical Science Laboratory.

**PHS 110. Overview of Space Exploration. 3 Hours.**

Descriptive approach to comparative planetology for non-science majors. Analysis of recent, ongoing, and planned space missions with regard to scientific objectives and experiment design.

**PHS 141. Musical Acoustics. 3 Hours.**

Scientific method and hands-on experience with integrated laboratory, discussion, and lecture, emphasizing physical principles and experiences important for understanding musical tones. For non-science majors. See MU 141. Prerequisite for this class includes completion of Core Curriculum mathematics requirement.

**PHS 150. Science Writing. 3 Hours.**

Scientific writing skills for science, mathematics, and engineering. Identification of audience and purpose, generation of ideas, organization of information and construction of arguments.

**PHS 211. Discussion on the Nature of Matter. 3 Hours.**

Honors seminar. Evolution of science and scientific method from early Greek origins in context of the study of matter. Non-mathematical, descriptive, and pictorial approach to understanding basic structure of matter and materials of technological interest. See HON 211. Scientific writing skills for science, mathematics, and engineering. Permission of instructor or admission to Honors Program.

## Faculty

Agresti, David G., Professor Emeritus of Physics, 1969, B.S. (Ohio State), M.S., Ph.D. (Caltech), Astrophysics; condensed matter physics |

Bauman, Robert P., Professor Emeritus of Physics, 1967, B.S., M.S. (Purdue), Ph.D. (Pittsburgh) |

Camata, Renato, Associate Professor of Physics, 2000, B.S. (Universidade de São Paulo), M.S., Ph.D. (Caltech), Aerosol processes in nanomaterials fabrication; nanostructured materials; laser synthesis and properties of semiconductor, electroceramic and bioceramic thin films |

Catledge, Shane A., Assistant Professor of Physics, 2004, B.S. (California State –Sacramento), Ph.D. (UAB), Synthesis and properties of nanostructured super-hard materials; chemical vapor deposition (CVD) of diamond films and novel nanostructured coatings for industrial cutting and biomedical implant applications; molecular sensing using fluorescent nanodiamond; mechanical properties |

DeVore, Todd E., Instructor of Physics, 1998, B.S. (Lewis and Clark), M.S. PhD. (UAB), Physics and science education; computational physics |

Fedorov, Vladimir V., Research Assistant Professor of Physics, 2007, M.S. (Moscow Institute of Physics), Ph.D. (Russian Academy of Science), Physical and mathematical science; coherent and laser spectroscopic characterization of doped laser materials; solid-state lasers; laser spectroscopy for molecular-sensing applications |

Harrison, Joseph G., Associate Professor of Physics, 1986, B.S. (Texas A&M), M.S., Ph.D. (Wisconsin - Madison), Solid-state theory; atomic and molecular physics; MRI modeling; chemical kinetics; simulation of nonoparticle-facilitated hyperthermia |

Hawk, James F., Lecturer Emeritus in Physics, 1956, B.A. (Virginia), A.M. (Washington) |

Hilton, David, Associate Professor of Physics, 2007, B.S., M.S. (Rochester), M.S., Ph.D. (Cornell), Ultrafast spectroscopy and ultrashort pulse generations; ultrafast terahertz spectroscopy; correlated electron materials; superconductivity; high-magnetic field spectroscopy; magnetic semiconductors; complex functional nanomaterials; materials in extreme environments |

Kawai, Ryoichi, Associate Professor of Physics, 1991, B.S., M.S., Ph.D. (Waseda, Japan), Condensed-matter theory; biophysics theory; materials physics theory; computational physics; open quantum systems |

Lawson, Christopher M., Professor of Physics, 1993, B.S. (Oklahoma State), M.S. (Colorado), Ph.D. (Oklahoma State), Nonlinear optics; fiber optics; optical sensors; optical coherence imaging tomography; laser spectroscopy |

Martyshkin, Dmitri V., Research Assistant Professor, 2010, B.S. (Novosibirsk State University, Russia), M.S., Ph.D. (UAB), Development of spectroscopic characterization of doped laser materials; solid-state lasers; laser spectroscopy for molecular-sensing applications |

Mirov, Sergey B., University Professor, 1993, Master (Moscow Power Engineering Institute), Ph.D. (USSR Academy of Sciences), Experimental quantum electronics, solid-state lasers, laser spectroscopy |

Mohr, Robert D., Instructor of Physics, 2003, B.S. (North Georgia), M.S. (Clemson), Ph.D. (Alabama), Computational applications to theoretical astrophysical problems |

Nordlund, Thomas M., Associate Professor of Physics, 1990, B.A. (Oregon), M.S., Ph.D. (Illinois), Physics education; biological imaging and self-assembly |

Shealy, David L., Professor of Physics, Chair, Department of Physics, 1973, B.S., Ph.D. (Georgia), Geometrical optics; laser beam shaping optics; radiative transfer; caustic and optical aberration theory |

Simien, Clayton, Assistant Professor of Physics, 2013, B.S. (Prairie View A&M), Ph.D. (Rice), Strongly correlated ultracold neutral plasmas; next generation frequency standards; precision measurements and variations in fundamental constants; quantum dipolar gases and rare-earth elements; laser cooling; nanotechnology; atomic sensors |

Stanishevsky, Andrei V., Associate Professor of Physics, 2002, M.S. (Minsk Radioengineer Institute-USSR), Ph.D. (Belarus Academy of Sciences –USSR), Focused ion beam micro- and nanofabrication; PVD thin films deposition, characterization, and application; nanoparticle research |

Tsoi, Georgiy, Research Assistant Professor of Physics, 2005, M.Sc. (Karkov, Ukraine), Ph.D. (NAS, Ukraine), Structural, magnetic and electrical properties of materials under high pressure |

Vohra, Yogesh K., Professor of Physics, University Scholar, & Associate Dean, 1992, B.S., M.S. (Delhi, India), Ph.D. (Bombay, India), High Pressure Materials Research, Growth and Characterization of Synthetic Diamond, and Nanoscale Materials for Biomedical Applications |

Wang, Xujing, Associate Professor of Physics, 2008, B.S. (NanKai, China), Ph.D. (Texas A&M), Theoretical physics; network theory; biophysics; theoretical and mathematical biology; genetics |

Wenger, Lowell E., Professor of Physics, 2003, B.S., M.S., Ph.D. (Purdue), Synthesis and characterization of magnetic materials, magnetic nanostructures, and high-temperature superconductors |

Wills, Edward L., Research Associate Professor Emeritus of Physics, 1972, B.S., M.S. (Auburn), Ph.D. (Virginia) |

Young, John H., Professor Emeritus of Physics, 1969, B.A. (Gettysburg), M.S. (New Hampshire), Ph.D. (Clark) |

Zvanut, Mary E., Professor of Physics, 1992, B.S., M.S., Ph.D. (Lehigh), Electrical studies and EPR studies of insulators and semiconductors; microelectronics and optoelectronics |